Isolated dysphagia due to aquaporin-4 autoimmunity
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CitationTurkoglu R, Kiyat-Atamer A, Tuzun E, Akman-Demir G. Isolated dysphagia due to aquaporin-4 autoimmunity. Turk J Gastroenterol 2012; 23 (6): 804-805. doi: 10.4318/tjg.2012.0437
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an inflammatory, demyelinating disease that affects the spinal cord and optic nerves and is associated with aquaporin- 4 antibodies (Aqp-4 Ab). NMO patients might occasionally present with medulla symptoms such as hiccups, nausea and vomiting and with small lesions in the dorsal medulla, which corresponds to a site of high Aqp-4 expression.