Lipoprotein lipase gene PvuII polymorphism serum lipids and risk for coronary artery disease: Meta-analysis
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Our aim was to determine whether lipoprotein lipase gene PvuII polymorphism can be considered as an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) by conducting a meta-analysis of all available published trials, including our own study. In 7 seperate studies, 3289 subjects were screened for this substitution; meta-analysis included only some of these individuals. Among the 7 studies, 6 were performed on white subjects, whereas 1 was on patients with Saudi Arabic descent.Subgroup analysis indicated that individuals with PvuII substitution does not have an increased risk for CAD. The LPL-PvuII genotype and allele frequency distributions did not differ significantly between CAD patients and healthy controls. There was no difference in the distribution of LPL-PvuII genotypes between the healthy subjects and the patients with CAD. However, no significant differences in lipid variables (triglyceride and HDL-cholesterol) were determined for the PvuII polymorphisms in the patients with CAD. No significant differences were found in serum triglyceride and HDL-cholesterol levels for LPL-PvuII genotypes when the control and CAD groups were pooled. In conclusion, LPL-Pvu II polymorphism cannot be used as independent genetic risk factor for CAD. © 2007 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.