Pharmacologically induced absence seizures versus kindling in Wistar rats
Idrizoglu, Medine Gulcebi
Cortez, Miguel A.
Snead, O. Carter
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OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of gamma-butyrolactone (GBL), a prodrug of gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid-induced absence seizures on the development of kindling in Wistar rats. METHODS: Three groups of adult male Wistar rats under anesthesia were implanted with bilateral cortical recording elec- trodes for the GBL group (GBL) and/or bipolar stimulation electrodes into the right basolateral amygdala for the Kindling group (KI) alone and Kindling plus GBL group (GBL+KI). Rats in the KI and GBL+KI groups were stimulated twice daily at the afterdischarge threshold until they reached Racine's stage 5 seizure state. the animals in the GBL + group had an i.p injection of GBL 20 minutes before each electrical stimulation, and the effects of GBL-induced seizures on the development of kindling were investigated. the animals in the GBL group were injected GBL twice daily i.p. for 15 days without receiving any electrical stimulation. RESULTS: the KI animals reached stage 5 seizure stage at 12th stimulations, whereas the GBL+KI rats reached at 27th stimulations. the mean numbers of stimulations needed for the development of the first stage 3, 4, or 5 generalized seizures were significantly higher in the GBL+KI group than the KI group. CONCLUSION: the resistance to amygdala kindling in the GBL model can be modulated by the absence seizure mechanism alone, without the intervention of an abnormal genetic background.