Clinical Prognosis of Renal Retransplant Patients: A Single-Center Experience
AuthorUcar, Zuhal Atan
Ecder, Suleyman Tevfik
Akin, Emin Baris
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Background. Retransplantation is a treatment option in patients with end-stage renal failure due to graft loss. Outcomes of these patients due to high immunologic risk remain unclear. the aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes of renal retransplantation patients retrospectively. Methods. Renal retransplant patients in our unit were evaluated retrospectively between 2010 and 2018. Patients' demographic characteristics, primary diseases, the causes of prior graft loss, immunologic status, desensitization protocols, the induction and maintenance treatments, the complications during the follow-up period, numbers of acute rejections, and the clinical prognosis were all detected from the patients' files. Results. We retrospectively evaluated 17 patients who underwent a second or third renal allograft. of these, 16 received a second and the remaining 1 patient received a third renal allograft. Immunologically, all of the 17 patients had negative flow cytometry crossmatch, 1 patient had a positive complement-dependent cytotoxicity crossmatch (Auto 12%), 16 patients had positive panel reactive antibody, the median HLA-mismatch was 3.5, and the score of donor-specific antibody relative intensity score (RIS) was 6.4 +/- 6.3. Ten pretransplant patients had desensitization treatment. While scores for HLA-MM and HLA-RIS in the patients who had a desensitization therapy were determined higher, no statistical difference was observed (respectively, P = .28 and.55). No acute rejection episode developed. BK virus DNA viremia was detected in 4 patients during the posttransplant 6th month. We observed no patient death or no graft loss during the follow-up period. Conclusion. Although the retransplant patients who had a graft loss previously have high immunologic risks, retransplantation is reliable in these patients, but they should be followed up carefully in terms of BKV nephropathy.